Phillips, JIS, and Pozidriv screwdrivers explained - article comments

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Phillips, JIS, and Pozidriv screwdrivers explained


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If you can't find the answer to your question in this thread, please open a separate thread with your question/problem, in an appropriate forum section (this is the Tools and stands section).

Relja
 
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  1. Adam
    16/09/2020 at 21:07
    very interesting clarification of a confusing subject. Thanks for that. Plus I’m a fan of Wera tools so a good excuse to get more 🙂
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    Eryk
    05/11/2020 at 09:43
    And instead of this, they try to teach us integers and factorials in middle school… How about knowledge you not might but WILL use in real, everyday life?
    Simple solution – buy only good quality tools. Brands that are renowned for quality usually follow stricter tolerances. Wera, Wiha, Proxxon, to name a few. Cheaper tools are not only more loose, but also offer worse material that leads to quicker deterioration of tip geometry which in turn damages any screw this tip engages. Same applies for other kinds of equipment, like wrenches. Really cheap ones seems to be made according to “image from the web” – they look like proper one, but that’s where similarities ends…
    It also boils down to one – never-ending War of Formats, on every single thing…
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      Relja
      05/11/2020 at 10:07
      Agree. Would just add two things:
      1)
      Cheaper tools also don’t fit very well in one’s hand, often being more impractical to use, making the work slower, and less comfortable.
      2)
      Mathematics is a very powerful, universal tool. And it can not easily be “learned on the fly”. For example: skipping any area makes it next to impossible to understand the more complex stuff that leans on that.
      You never know when it might become needed. It’s definitely important for physics, and mechanical engineering.
      To be more philosophical: like the difference between giving a man a fish (thus feeding him for one day), and teaching him to fish (thus enabling him to feed himself forever).
      So too the schools should teach (young) people to think critically, analyze, draw conclusions, and have some basic knowledge about the world around them.
      For this last thing: mathematics is an important tool for understanding the world – it is used in physics, mechanics, even chemistry. Spoke length calculators. 🙂
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    Eryk
    05/11/2020 at 16:27
    I never said mathematic is not important. However, higher mathematic is not useful in normal, everyday life of a typical Joe, unless he is nuclear physicist :), while knowledge how to use basic tools is. Give me one example of everyday use of factorials, please 😉
    Not everyone will go to college and one can live happily not knowing who Socrates was 😉 Nowadays, education system is failure nevertheless, one example being Flat Earth society. If there is adult person after years of school who still believe that Earth is flat and sky is concrete dome, somewhere something went horribly wrong…
    Yesterday on Youtube I saw a guy pouring gas to plastic grocery bag. When it started leaking, he put it in braided basket. While I don’t know if he knows anything about ancient Greece, I know for sure he is idiot who shouldn’t be allowed to roam freely. That is why we have to teach useful things first 😉
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      Relja
      05/11/2020 at 19:35
      Imagining the fuel scene – laughing hard. 🙂
      If teaching the practical stuff excludes teaching the other things – it’s a tough choice.
      I agree that high math is not very useful for a vast majority of people.
      A problem I see (and why I’m not 100% certain):
      For those who wish to go on to a university, it helps a lot. Giving them a sort of a preparation, to make things easier later on.
      I’m not an expert on education, so could be wrong – maybe such things should not be taught before university, because most people don’t go to a university.
      But for those that do – even economics, or some social studies, still use statistics a lot.
      It’s difficult to know what one will need in the future.
      – Fortunately, I don’t get to choose how our educational system is set up. One worry (tough choice) less. 🙂
      If it were up to me – I’d dismiss all the grades for a start, and try to figure out what each particular kid is best at, most inclined to.
      A brief digression:
      In Yugoslavia, in elementary school, we had classes where we were taught how to build, and repair stuff (including the basics of wood, and metal working). Called “The basics of technical education”.
      A bit more on the cycling topic (and a further – digression of the digression 🙂 ) – I remember using bicycle gearing analogy to explain to my class-mates how automobile transmission works, and why it is important. For me it was a revelation of how important and useful good analogies can be for explaining stuff.
      We also had lessons called “domestication” (to translate it as such), that taught how to prepare food, how to do basic house work, knit, sew and stitch, how to keep hygiene etc.
      So, our secondary (high) schools perhaps had an easier task – factorials, calculus etc. 🙂
      However – and here I agree with you 100% – the main use of our rather “thorough” education system is being able to solve crossword puzzles surprisingly quickly. Not much else. 🙂
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    Ken Elliott
    11/03/2021 at 02:29
    Guys – there is no such thing as a flat head screwdriver. It is a flat BLADE screwdriver. A flat head screw is flat on the top, with a taper on the underside. It is designed to go into a countersunk hole, so it sits flush with the top surface. Flat head screws can have philips, hex, or slot drives.
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_screw_drives
    As far as screwdrivers, I have mostly used SnapOn tools, as well as Wera and Wiha – all top stuff, and I was very happy – until I bought a Vessel ball head screwdriver. They are by far the best drivers I’ve used. Now I discovered their Megadora 980 Impacta – an impact driver. I am now seriously thinking of replacing all my drivers with Vessel. I suggest you buy just 1 and see how good they are. I’m not connected with the company, I just like good tools and hate to strip screws. Yeah, they work great on philips screws, too.
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      Relja
      11/03/2021 at 07:50
      Thank you for the correction (not a native speaker), and the feedback.
      Appreciate both very much. 🙂
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    Max
    12/03/2021 at 15:35
    Hi Relja,
    Thanks for posting a very informative article on the “cross point screws” and the various screwdrivers along with your recommendations.
    For working on my bikes fitted with Japanese (Shimano) components, I have successfully use the Vessel JIS screwdrivers mentioned in your article. Based on my experience, I ‘m confident the cross-point screws used on Shimano components have a JIS standard cross-point head. A standard phillips screwdriver does not properly engage the cross-point head on JIS standard cross-point screw heads.
    Take Care
 
  1. Belgian Bastard
    14/04/2021 at 01:10
    Small note, I see you recommend the Wera Rostfrei screwdriver. While Wera does indeed make really nice, good quality screwdrivers (however no longer German made… Wiha still makes their stuff in Germany tho)
    I would opt for the standard green Wera screwdriver, its blade is not made of stainless steel. But regular toolsteel, wich is a lot tougher. So It will last longer, also its cheaper and they offer a much larger range of fasteners in that line 🙂
    These Stainless screwdrivers are made to avoid surface corrosion on stainless bolts and parts. So mainly useful for food, chemcal and medical machinery.
    Or if you just want a more corrosion resistant screwdriver, you can also opt for the stainless one 😂 We use the regular ones and they are indeed good screwdrivers. No issues with rust or anything on these as we keep em in a toolbox in the basement.
    Other good brands are Facom, wich is French and if you don’t mind selling a kidney you can go for PB Swisstools, they make their tools in Switzerland and boy are they good! Excellent gear, but expensive. A hex set is 3x the price of a Wera one. So unless you use them often its not worth it.
    Greetings from Belgium!
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      Relja
      14/04/2021 at 06:39
      Hello,
      Thanks for the very good and knowledgeable feedback.
      I agree with everything you said. I wrote something similar in the reply to a comment on my video about these screwdrivers (see the first, pinned comment and my reply). 🙂
      As explained there, I decided to recommend a tool I’ve personally used and been happy with. The green ones aren’t available in my country – I’ve had lots of problems finding even the stainless steel one.
      Facom hex (allen) wrenches are top class. I haven’t tried their cross-tip screwdrivers. Never mind paying more for good tools, it’s usually cheaper in the long run. But I don’t have a lot of choices when shopping for tools. Local stores aren’t well-stocked while ordering online from abroad costs roughly double the price, because of our import taxes and taxes in general.
      Relja
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    mike
    26/05/2021 at 13:37
    i never use single screwdrivers any more as they stopped making the worlds best ones years ago,i am not saying all screwdrivers are bad today but the metal quality on them has gone down abit,i buy loose chromoly screwdriver bits that fit into a magnetic handle,buy one small box of these ones from you local hardware store and you will get all the screwdrivers in one small packet,some of these screwdriver bits can also be used with an impact driver,you can even buy a box of hex sets like this and even security bits that take apart electronic stuff,for about $40 you can buy all you need at once,the other good thing about these loose bits is you can buy very long handles for them as well
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      mike
      26/05/2021 at 14:27
      you can buy ratcheting magnetic handles for these loose screwdriver bits,a ratchet screwdriver makes work alot more easy especially if you need to do lots,most of these handles also have wider handles so you can control things better and you can use alot more force if needed.
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      Relja
      26/05/2021 at 15:38
      Hi Mike,
      Could you recommend a model for a ratcheting screwdriver?
      I’ve had very poor results (poor durability) with Bosch, and a few others (can’t remember the brands).
      They have been super-practical while they worked.
      Relja
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    mike
    26/05/2021 at 14:10
    if you ever come across a very stuck bolt or screw,method 1=wd40 and hit it hard with an impact driver,method2=drill a small hole in the screw or bolt and try a gadget called an easyout bit,method3= heat the part up with a blow torch if possible then take it out,method4= hit the bolt hard with small cold chizel and hammer,if none of these methods work its time to invent another method
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      mike
      27/05/2021 at 03:43
      i got a sidchrome ratchet screwdriver a few years back and this one has been very good Relja but like everything they keep changing the quality of products its more or less like everything else now buy a few and try a few.if i was buying another one i would look at sidchrome or repco or kincrome in australia these are reliable brands but many companies do make them,once you find a good one you will never like using just a single screwdriver again,these rachet ones are very good.stanley is another brand,get one that atleast comes with a warranty then if its no good take it back,we have good hardware stores over here if we have a problem they replace any tool no questions asked.
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    mike
    27/05/2021 at 04:11
    just another little tip,buy some longer screwdriver bits as well as these ones will also fit into a drill even though most have hex ends and you can wind the torque up on a portable drill to get tough screws or hex fittings out
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    Gordon Jesse
    10/04/2022 at 02:49
    Thanks for this information. I found it very interesting and informative. I’m surprised no one responded about square drive fasteners. It is a vastly simpler format and virtually eliminates camming. It has been around at least 40 years (probably longer), but has never caught on and I’ve never understood why. Thanks again.
 
  1. Ben
    10/05/2022 at 20:18
    Thanks for the VERY informative article. You find those JIS screws all over older Sony/Panasonic VTR (video tape recorders).
    BTW, I found that McMaster-Carr lists JIS/JCIS Bit Sets and Screwdrivers on their site. I haven’t ordered from them but I’m tempted to just to see what brand that they actually are. McMaster doesn’t tell you the brand but it it typically good stuff. At least that’s my experience from ordering other tools and fittings from them in the past.
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    Chris
    12/05/2022 at 02:56
    I don’t doubt what you are saying, but I took a look at the sources you cited, and I didn’t see anywhere that clearly states that ISO 8764-1 /2 PH:
    1) Is commonly known as “Phillips” and that (presumably) “Phillips”-labeled drivers/bits made today usually comply with it and not with the older original Phillips standard
    2) Includes/supersedes/obviates/replaces the “JIS” standard (or the “Phillips” one, for that matter)
    3) Is physically compatible and designed to work with both legacy/traditional Phillips and legacy/traditional JIS fasteners
    Do you know of an official statement/document (other than the non-free ISO 8764 itself) from a standards body, well-known manufacturer of drivers/bits, or other reputable third-party that corroborates these facts?
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      Relja
      12/05/2022 at 06:45
      Hi Chris,
      Thank you for the feedback and please share the links if you find sources that satisfy your criteria, or manage to get satisfactory official feedback from a tool manufacturer.
      I tried consulting local Unior representatives (mechanical engineers) and they were clueless about this problem. I also consulted with a company that sells tools of several different brands to other companies – mechanical engineers there didn’t know the answers. Apart from that, I didn’t find any other tool brand representatives willing to talk in my city or country.
      What I do know, from practice, is that most “Phillips” screwdrivers, even when brand new, slip relatively easily out of cross-headed screws on my Yamaha and on Shimano derailleurs, while very few screwdrivers don’t. At the same time, the screwdrivers that work well with JIS screws (Shimano and Japanese motorcycles in particular), don’t slip any easier out of Phillips screws (as far as I could tell – they work better with those too).
      This also aligns with the feedback I got from other mechanics.
      I put all the knowledge and experience that I have so far into this article (and made the brief video demonstration of the problem). Nothing more, nothing less. When I learn new things and get new information, I update my articles.
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    Eryk
    13/05/2022 at 12:06
    Since topic is still alive, please allow me to mention here Youtuber Project Farm (https://youtube.com/c/ProjectFarm). He tests various tools (screwdrivers too), compares brands with different price tag, and does that in “real job” testing environment. That way we can also get an idea about tools and brands quality.
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    Alan
    14/10/2022 at 12:45
    Very useful article. I have been aware for long enouigh of the Phillips/Posidrive devide but not of JIS – still learning at 80!
    Some 25 years ago I was working in a technical collge in Lesotho. When the joinery department tried to switch from slot-head to ‘cross-head’ screws they were not impressed. I found that in Lesotho and South Africa ALL cross-point scrwdrivrs were Phillips and ALL cross-point wood screws were Posidrive! Joinry reverted to slotted screws until I arranged to import some posi drivers. I hope things have improved now!
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    Paul McGrath
    20/12/2022 at 01:13
    I’ve used vessel screw drivers for 20+ years, they compare to snap-on for quality.
 
  1. Michael
    20/02/2023 at 19:40
    Being a certified ASE auto mechanic since 1981. I can tell of a learned experience from an elder much older. When stuck with a ruined or loose fitting phillips screw fill the hole with valve grinding compound then insert phillips screwdriver. Something never taught in school, you can’t ever beat street smarts… if you can find someone willing to share!! You’re Welcome!! 😀
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      BikeGremlin
      21/02/2023 at 05:56
      That’s brilliant – thanks, Michael. 🙂
      It’s not the first, and probably not the last time I learn something new from an “old hook” as is the local saying.
      Sure, theoretical knowledge can help understand why it works, or how to further improvise on it, but I’d never have thought of that myself!
      Wrote a whole article on that general topic, titled Theory vs practice. 🙂
      Relja
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    Klaus
    05/06/2023 at 09:00
    There is no evidence on the worldwide web that the Japanese Industrial Standard JIS was made obsolete in 2008.
    It still exists:
    https://www.cipa.jp/std/documents/download_e.html?CIPA_AD-001-Translation-2020
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      BikeGremlin
      05/06/2023 at 15:20
      Hi Klaus,
      Thank you for sharing that informative document.
      What still confuses me is that I can not find screwdrivers labeled as “JIS.”
      I even got some Japanese ones by Vessel, and they too are marked as P1, and P2 (depending on the size). Vera bits and screwdrivers are marked the same way (P, Phillips). Both those brands fit wonderfully into JIS screws on Shimano and Yamaha. Unior P screwdrivers, on the other hand, don’t fit nearly as well – the same goes for most other brands and models I’ve tried.
      Vessel’s website hasn’t got any official explanation now, though if you look at the source code (not visible on the front page itself), it says this:
      “Screwdrivers. Why VESSEL\’s screwdrivers are not labeled “JIS”? As you might know, VESSEL is the oldest screwdriver manufacturer in Read more”
      The source code link:
      view-source:https://www.vesseltools.com/handtools/screwdrivers
      Should display the code of the page:
      https://www.vesseltools.com/handtools/screwdrivers
      It’s fair to note that Vessel’s website does show “JIS” label on the pages that list their screwdrivers. But most other manufacturers don’t display JIS anywhere (Vera, Wiha, and even Japanese Hozan, to name a few I looked into in great detail).
      Relja
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    Klaus
    18/06/2023 at 11:09
    Hi Relja
    you can find more details here:
    https://www.pentaxforums.com/forums...-screwdrivers-about-vessel-about-jis-jcis.pdf
    and here:
    https://www.vesseltools.com/handtools/screwdrivers/what-is-jis
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    Klausq
    18/06/2023 at 11:11
    I forgot:
    Vessel does name their JIS and JCIS screwdrivers P!
    Because they don’t pay for JIS certification anymore but only ISO.
    This is explained in the download
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      BikeGremlin
      18/06/2023 at 20:20
      Hi Klaus,
      Thank you very much for the links and the info. 🙂
      I’ll update the articles (this one, in English, and the one in my native) to reflect this new info.
      Though I think the basic point of the article is still valid as it is:
      Some cross-tip screwdrivers work well with the “Japanese screws,” while others don’t.
      Most manufacturers mark their screwdrivers as “Phillips” (no JIS standard offically).
      It boils down to trial and error and figuring out which ones work well in practice.
      So far, I can confirm that Wera and Vessel are great. As well as the small bit sets by Ifixit (4 mm bits), that often come with JIS and Phillips bit types (different, and differently marked). In fact, that’s the only screwdriver (well, bit, technically) that I could find to be actually marked as JIS.
      Relja
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    Klaus
    22/06/2023 at 13:20
    Once again: JIS was never made obsolete in 2008, the very opposite is the case:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_Industrial_Standards
    JIS was extended/refined and got a new Logo.
    What was made obsolete in 2008 was the dot on screws!
 
Atomic Skull
27/09/2023 at 23:09
My understanding is that the ISO 8764 standard tries to unify the Phillips and JIS drivers into one universal driver that is supposed to work equally well with both types of screws. It does, but better for Phillips and a worse for JIS. The whole situation with cross head screws seems to be a huge trash fire.
 
This topic is closed for further replies.

If you can't find the answer to your question in this thread, please open a separate thread with your question/problem, in an appropriate forum section (this is the Tools and stands section).

Relja
 
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